Mario Vargas Llosa is the recipient of the 2010 Nobel Price in Literature. We present this article from our archives—our Mar/Apr 2005 issue.
For the past four decades, Mario Vargas Llosa (1936-) has mined Latin America's violent history for larger truths about the interplay of history, culture, and geography. Associated with the Latin American writing boom that evolved in the 1960s and ‘1970s, Vargas Llosa--along with other Latin American writers such as Julio Cortázar, Carlos Fuentes, and Gabriel García Márquez--revitalized the region's fiction into self-conscious, playful writing. As a novelist, playwright, journalist, essayist, and critic, he transformed Peru's reality into a heightened, imaginative view of the world--and brought Peruvian literature international acclaim.